The Probe




Urban Water Management
Sustainable management of urban water has been necessitated to ensure urban sustainability. Growing population and aging infrastructure are creating challenges for efficient water management in cities (NRDC, 2016). Groundwater decline is major problem across the cities relying on groundwater as a source of drinking water. Higher rate of abstraction of
Nano Filtration
Commercial demand of Nanofiltration has been increased significantly in the past few years. Nano filtration is a pressure driven filtration process where mixture water passes through a membrane by the application of a gravity or pressure. Nano filtration allows high removal of divalent ions (calcium, magnesium, arsenic, iron, sulphate) and low removal of
Health Effects of Cadmium Presence of cadmium in drinking water is hazardous to human health. Renal, cardiovascular, respiratory and skeletal effects have been found to be induced by cadmium exposure. Cadmium can induce renal tubular dysfunction leading to renal lesion and irreversible impairment of reabsorption capacity of renal tubules. Combine concentration of Renewable Energy Support Schemes
Promotion of solar PV as a renewable energy and implementing energy policies has been a priority for more than 80 countries of the world. Renewable energy contributed 22.6% of gross electricity generation in Germany in 2012 and it is targeting to achieve 80% share of renewable energy in the total electricity
Carbon Pricing
Carbon pricing is an effective policy instrument to reduce greenhouse gas emission. Carbon pricing is based on polluter pay principle that a carbon emitter pays price to cut the emissions (Bowen, 2011; World Bank, 2015). Polluters have decision making power to cut their emissions and avoid carbon price for their production.
Goal 3: Health and Well Being
Several health issues such as mortality rate, epidemics of diseases, drug abuse, sexual and reproductive health have been existed throughout the decade. Goal 3 of UN Sustainable Development Goals states "Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages"